39 The Dangers of Functional Training

InForm Fitness Podcast


Episode 39 is inspired by the Functional Fitness Movement and for those who subscribe to the notion we should train and strengthen our bodies in ways that mimic the activities of our daily life. Adam Zickerman, Mike Rogers, and Sheila Melody discuss the dangers of participating in this form of exercise.
Joining the conversation is InForm FItness client and filmmaker Davis Carlson. David has produced several amazing videos for InForm Fitness:
Intensity – www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0ca4DoWh8A
Mobile Gym – www.youtube.com/watch?v=wHXsL635i8U
Testimonials: www.youtube.com/watch?v=U9cXf1R68-8 www.youtube.com/watch?v=IL6OoBRtwko
Adam mentioned in this episode that our old friend from Episode 19, Bill DeSimone, has a series of videos regarding congruent exercise: www.youtube.com/user/CongruentExercise
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Adam:             But what are people are doing in these functional training gyms is doing the things you would do in your backyard, carrying stones and weakening you and weakening the joint and compromising the joint in this very insidious way, time after time, workout after workout, and then you go to actually do something like that in your backyard and that’s when the straw breaks and you’re thinking, I don’t understand. I was preparing for this and now I get hurt. Well, you get hurt in the gym before that even happens because the thing is, when you’re not doing things in a biomechanically correct way, you’re wearing away and weakening the joint, and functional training is serving to screw you up.

Tim:                 Episode 39 of the InForm Fitness Podcast with Adam Zickerman is about to begin. Hey InForm Nation, thanks for joining us. I’m Tim Edwards with the InBound Podcasting Network and a client of InForm Fitness. Adam, Mike, and Sheila will be with us in just a minute, and they’ll be joined by a long time InForm Fitness client, David Carlson. The discussion today is based off of a blog post written by Adam a few years back titled, “Gyms Have Begun Dangerous Playgrounds for Grownups.” The blog post stems from the functional fitness movement and for those who subscribe to the notion that we should train and strengthen our bodies in ways that mimic the activities of our daily life. So what are the dangers of participating in this form of exercise? Well, you can read the blog post for yourself at informfitness.com and we begin the discussion right now, here, on the InForm Fitness Podcast.

Adam:             So we talk about theory a lot and a lot of academic things from time to time, and it’s always good to just come back to where the rubber meets the road and talk to people that are actually experiencing this, this type of workout and when we have talked about functional training in the past and how my opinion is that you strength train to build muscle and you do that in the safest way possible according to muscle and joint function, as best as you can and not necessarily try to mimic everyday life in the gym which is what a lot of functional trainers are doing. Doing things you kind of do in everyday life but in the gym, you’re doing with weights or extra resistance and I’ve always said that that’s dangerous for the joints. The way you incorporate your life–the way exercise helps you in your life is by, again safely strengthening muscles according to–the best you can–according to its function and not try to get to get fancy. So I was reminded of this when I was talking to David. A longtime client, David is here with me right now, hello David.

David:             Hi, thanks for having me, glad to be here.

Sheila:             Hi David.

Tim:                 Now Adam, before you bring David in as a longtime client, let’s also let our audience know that David has also produced several videos for you over there on the east coast.

Adam:             Yes. David is very well aware of our workout. He is intimately aware because he is producing videos with us and he is obviously getting the technical background on this all of this stuff in order to shoot it properly. So yes, he’s a client and he just keeps learning more and more about it. We were having a conversation about it yesterday, about how he was doing some work in his background and all of this kind of stuff and it made me think exactly of the point that we’ve been making all this time about separating everyday life activities and not necessarily trying to mimic those activities in the gym, and David is pretty much living proof of how this works. And based on what he was telling me yesterday, that kind of prompted me to invite him here today with us. So David, tell us what you were talking about yesterday.

David:             So I have this house in Pennsylvania and I think it’s really great because I do yard work and the one thing I’m reminded of all the time is how effective this workout is. So last week, I was in Pennsylvania and I was harvesting these big stones to make these path stones on my property and they’re probably 50, 65 pounds each, they’re pretty heavy. I know that I’m in pretty good shape because I’ve been doing this workout for probably about four and a half years but still, something like that, it made me think that you’ve got to be really careful about this. You’re picking up a big piece of stone from the ground, you’re lifting it up, your back could be in real trouble, but of course because I do this work now, I’m actually even more focused on these things when they come into my world. I held my stomach and I picked it up and I did this all day and I could do it, but it was really, really difficult. At the end of the day when I had those stones laid out, I thought to myself, I’m really lucky I do this workout because if I had not done this workout, I think this whole day would have killed me. Just laying out those stones and the funny thing about it at the end of the day is I was a little sore because it was a little awkward. The positions I was in a couple of times and I felt it but I didn’t feel destroyed. I thought to myself, man, if I had done this and I wasn’t in this kind of shape, I don’t think I’d be in good shape. So I came in and I told Adam about this because I was super excited about it, because I thought to myself, I have to do this workout so you can do life. That’s the thing, you never think about that. I’ve heard people be like, oh, you can have this really active lifestyle and you can lift rocks and things and you’ll be in great shape. No, that’s going to kill you.  The only way you can do that is if you’re in great shape first and then you can do this work without it killing you.

Adam:             See, I was happy about hearing that. That’s the kind of thing that made the lightbulb go off in my head. He figured it out, usually I have to kind of teach that correlation. Usually people have it reversed; he realized that you don’t exercise that way to prepare for that, which so many people do, which is what this whole functional training craze is all about. You have people lifting tires and carrying rocks across football fields and anvils and sandbags and swinging ropes and kettlebells and all of those things which do, in some ways, mimic some things you do in life. Like David carrying boulders around in his backyard to plant a garden and things like that. The misnomer is that you have to do these similar types of physical activities with weights in the gym so it can prepare you for what he did in the backyard and no, because what he was doing in the backyard ultimately is not good for you. If he kept doing that over and over again, day after day, like a manual laborer does, he’s going to have problems. He’s going to have physical problems, whereas working out with us or in the way that’s according to muscle and joint function, whether it’s with or not, according to muscle and joint function, is going to prepare you for when you do have to move a rock, that it’s not going to be the straw that breaks the camel’s back, because what people are doing in these functional training gyms is doing the things that you would do in your backyard carrying stones and weakening you and weakening the joint and compromising the joint in this very insidious way, time after time, workout after workout, and then you go to actually do something like that in your backyard and that’s when the straw breaks and you’re thinking, I don’t understand. I was preparing for this and now I get hurt. Well, you get hurt in the gym before that even happens because the thing is, when you’re not doing things in a biomechanically correct way, you’re wearing away and weakening the joint, and functional training is serving to screw you up. So here, David is working out doing a very safe leg press, doing the deltoids according to muscle and joint function and the resistance is at the right weight, at the right time, not too heavy at the weak point, not too strong at the weak point. Not screwing up the rotator cuff muscles, not screwing up the joint itself and all the connective tissue of that joint by doing things on long levers where the weight is way too heavy and the stabilizer muscles have to carry way too much load, more than they were meant to. And by not doing that, by just strengthening the muscle, he was prepared to lift boulders in his backyard and there was no straw that broke the camel’s back. So that was really what was kind of impressed upon me when he was telling me that story.

Mike:               Basically the point of this I think is that life, the majority of our life is in fact outside of muscle and joint function and when we try and incorporate some of those things into our exercise, an exercise regimen, it’s something that is repetitive. Whether it’s once a week or three times a week or whatever people to do, but to do certain things like carry boulders which we want to be able to do when we have to do them within means but it’s a great testimonial to come to that conclusion because a lot of people don’t come to that. Even after we tell them over and over again.

Adam:             Usually it’s like, how is this helping me doing all my gardening. Shouldn’t I be doing things like I do in the backyard and gardening? Shouldn’t I be jumping off boxes because that’s kind of what happens when you run after a bus or something like that? Shouldn’t I be doing those kinds of ballistic movements to prepare me for the ballistic movements of life and I’m like, no.

Tim:                 These things do occur in life and I think when we know something that can be destructive or risky, and as we get older, things become that way, we have to make sure with which ones we decide to do at that time in our life. You knew you could probably do this but as you said before, if you were doing this all the time–or as Adam said, if had to do this as a job all the time, you probably would hurt yourself even if you were very strong because you’re making it an exercise, in essence, if you’re doing it all the time.

David:             Sure, and I guarantee you that I probably wouldn’t have even tried to have done it if I hadn’t felt strong. One of the things I have to say about this workout is that it always makes me feel really strong. I just feel like–I’m a cameraman so I’m carrying around gear all the time. The reason I got this is because I came to this workout hoping to cure those kind of things. I remember I couldn’t carry gear, I was getting tired, and then after about three months, I realized I started gaining the strength and then my job became a lot easier. Then I started going like, holy hell. This is going to bring back my life. I see that window, I pull it down, as I pull it down I’m like, oh my gosh, my core did that so easily.

Adam:             Sheila, it reminds me of the story with Fitzpatrick. Player for the Colts right? The bass player for the Colts?

Sheila:             He basically ruined his–his bad was so back that it was threatening his career. His career playing bass no stage, traveling with bands and playing bass. He couldn’t stand, he couldn’t walk around. His brother actually had a facility with this type of workout, this type of equipment. Got him to get on the low back machine which you’re like, what, why would you go on the low back machine when your back is in bad shape but his brother knowing the benefits of this, convinced him to try it and it was the thing that made him better and able to come back in his career and get back out on stage again. So when he was traveling with the Colts, every city he would go to, he would look for this equipment. That’s how he found us in L.A., by finding that we had this certain type of equipment and he wanted that low back machine. That’s his cure, to come in and do that low back machine and when he’s in New York, he’s called you guys several times and gone in there. He has to keep doing that in order to stay viable, able to continue, because his back is–once you’ve had a back thing and it’s been in that condition, you’re so scared. People are scared, Adam you know this, we have had that whole low back episode with you, Adam. So it’s the fear factor and they don’t move, but once you understand that the exercise is going to strengthen your back and make it better, you’re like, okay, I’ve got to keep doing this. One thing I wanted to just say about what Dave was saying that I thought was very important was simply by doing this exercise, you become much more aware of safely doing things. Of safely lifting very heavy weights, you become much more aware of that perfect form, and that alone makes you much more aware when you’re even moving a piece of furniture in your house or something like that.

Adam:             It’s true. I’m sure with David, like bending your knees properly.

David:             Yeah, and even in New York. I find myself checking in with myself as I’m walking up stairs and feeling myself moving mechanically in ways that are just sort of supporting me. I’m careful because of this workout. It does come through in everyday life all the time.

Sheila:             We actually had one new client, she was a younger girl and she came in twice and then she send John her trainer a text saying, I think I’m taller. Can you measure me? I was reading something about the benefits of when you start training and part of it is that you’re standing a little taller because you’re aware of your muscles.

David:             Posture’s it. I’m going to jump on that because that’s been a huge change for me. So after I leave this place, I’m standing up in this very tall position. It’s sort of like all of a sudden, my musculature is holding my frame up. I just feel like it supporting me. It’s sort of like this angel comes behind you and grabs your shoulders and sort of holds them up for you to show you, this is where you should be all your life. I’ve noticed that even if I want to get that feeling back during the week, if I just put myself in a plank position until I almost go to failure. If I stand up, I’m brought up into the same position again, it lifts me up. So if I want that instant fix, I just go to that and all of a sudden, I feel like I’m two inches taller, I do feel that. It’s a very exciting thing so as you bring it up, that’s one very exciting thing that I’ve actually passed onto other people, I’ve told other people about because I’m generally like–my whole life has been like this.

Adam;             If functional training, if the concept of functional training was so good and it worked, then things like Graham Fitzpatrick and carrying a heavy guitar on his shoulders all the time would be strengthening his back and not hurting his back. It wasn’t until he started doing it according to muscle and joint function to truly strengthen his back the right way that it made him feel better, but functional training is saying, mimic the activities of life so you can handle. So he’s like, okay, I’m just going to carry this really heavy guitar on my shoulders and that should solve my back problems, right? No, it’s actually causing his back problems. It reminds me of the bar owner that I’ve trained for the last eight years. Kirk, if you’re listening, hello. Kirk owns bars, he’s carrying kegs all the time up and down these stairs, big kegs. Half of carrying a keg is technique if you’ve ever seen one of those guys pulling it off of a truck, but they’re heavy those things. He was not getting stronger lifting kegs all day, and those guys that are heaving those kegs up and down on trucks, they have a lot of problems. It wasn’t until he started it doing it again, his workout here, that he was able to handle that kind of work. So if functional training was valid, wouldn’t all of those really tough work that you’re doing all day long, wouldn’t that be making you stronger and healthier and not making you decrepit and crooked? If you just think about it for a second, it doesn’t make sense, the whole functional training movement as they basically stole that term. Remember, functional training came from rehabilitation, where you’re injured and you can’t do some very basic things and you just practice, not just from a strengthening point of view but even from a neurological point of view, a tactile point of view, you’ve got to learn how to do a function again.

Mike:               It’s more like occupational therapy.

Adam:             Occupational therapy, physical therapy. It’s about getting back to a certain level and then going from there, but once you get back to being able to move that joint appropriately, then you’ve got to strengthen after that.

Mike:               Whether it’s a movement pattern like in a job like moving a keg or picking up rocks, or a sports move, you learn techniques to make it more efficient if it’s something that you do have to do on a regular basis like he still has to move kegs. Like an athlete still has to run across the field, jump up in the air, catch the ball and something like that, and the idea is that you want to learn how to do that activity as efficiently and with as much technical expertise, which we learn how to do, and part of that is how to do it without hurting yourself or to minimize risk I should say, because often times a lot of things, like in sports for example, that require extreme ranges of motion in order to do the actual sport, there’s an expectation that you’re going to–that you may actually hurt yourself in the process of doing so.

Adam:             Again, here we are–you just touched upon something, Mike, which is something that we’ve touched upon before and it’s definitely worth repeating because it’s a basic tenant of what we’re talking about and that is the difference between recreation and exercise and sports is part of that recreation. Athletes, just like the bar owner and just like the musician, the athlete is also putting himself in compromising positions during his sport for his sport, and again, to train in those compromising positions is just going to be piling on and just adding to the propensity for a risk of getting injured. What that athlete should be doing instead of working in these extreme ranges of motion to try to mimic what’s happening, let’s say, on a basketball court.

Mike:               While they’re training.

Adam:             While they’re training I’m saying is to just strengthen the muscle appropriately, according to muscle and joint functions, avoiding extremes. Avoiding the excessive force that is going to wear, insidiously possibly, wear and tear away at the joints and then they get hurt during the game and it’s hard to prove what the cause was, but more than likely, it’s all that pliometric “functional training” that they’re trying to mimic, and really what they’re doing according…

Sheila:             Wearing it down, wearing everything down.

Adam:             To me, exercising like that all the time is not exercise it’s manual labor. We all know that manual laborers are not in the greatest health as they age.

David:             That was the initial conversation we had about that, the difference between manual labor and exercise, I was thinking about that.

Sheila:             Getting paid to have somebody do–maybe we should change the whole idea of it and people will pay so that they can exercise but then we’ll get work done at the same time. Would that help?

Adam:             Exactly. For all of you that are doing the functional training workouts, the boot camps, the CrossFits, you know what? Become a construction worker and add some value to society at least. If you’re going to beat yourself up, at least beat yourself up and have something come from it. As opposed to just beating yourself up and not having any value come from it.

David:             Learn a craft or something.

Adam:             Learn a craft. It’s still manual labor except that you’re accomplishing something.

Sheila:             So Adam, I just wanted to go back to maybe give the listeners a little 101 in biomechanical movement and you just mentioned long levers so can you just kind of explain, give an example of a long lever and how that would hurt.

Adam:             The thing is, when you have a weight in your hand in for example, and you’re lifting it, your arm is the lever. The thing is, what a lever does is it multiples the weight that you’re holding by the length of that lever. So if you’re doing, let’s say, side raises with a dumbbell to workout your deltoids, so you’re holding the dumbbell by your sides and you’re just lifting your arms straight out from your sides, with a locked out elbow so it’s a straight arm. What you have to keep in mind and what you have to know is where the deltoid, the muscle that you’re working, your shoulder muscle, where its strong point is and where its weak point is. The weight should be heaviest at the strong point of the deltoid and should be lighter at the weak point, because if the weight is too heavy at the weak point of the deltoid, that’s where other things need to hold up that weight and those other things like connective tissue and rotator cuff muscles, stabilizer muscles, smaller stabilizer muscles. They can’t handle all of that extra weight. So it’s important to match how the weight changes through a range of motion and make sure that it’s changing in accordance to the strength levels of that muscle that it’s working. So what’s happening here when you do a lateral raise like that is the deltoid is stronger when you start the movement, when it’s by your sides. That’s where your deltoid is really strong, but that’s also where the weight is not really being multiplied by a long lever because it’s not out yet. So it’s the weight itself, multiplied by the small maybe inch that it is away from your side, but when you pull it away from your side, your deltoid is getting weaker. And that weight, as it’s going away from your body, the further it gets away from your body, you have to multiply that weight by that distance and the further and further it gets away from your body, that weight gets heavier and heavier. At the same time, as your arm is going away from your body, your deltoid, your shoulder muscles, are getting weaker and weaker. So here you have what they call an incongruency where the weight is way too heavy at that point for the muscle. See, what people might not understand is that the muscle doesn’t have the same strength through a range of motion; it’s stronger at the beginning of the range of motion and usually gets weaker at the end of the range of motion, and the weight has to vary accordingly. If it doesn’t, if it varies the wrong way where it gets heavier and the muscle gets weaker, that’s where you run into problems. And that’s what happens very often when we don’t lift weights according to our muscle and joint function, and there’s ways to fix that problem. It doesn’t mean you can’t do a lateral raise; it just means you shouldn’t do a lateral raise standing straight up like that. If you lean your body to a 45 degree angle or lay on your side and do a lateral raise that way, now you change everything. Now, the weight is the heaviest at the beginning of the deltoid and where the deltoid can handle that heavy weight, and then as the weight comes up, if you’re laying on your side, the distance shortens as the deltoid gets weaker and now you have congruent exercise. So it’s just a matter of knowing how to shift your body positions sometimes to make an exercise from safe to unsafe and vice versa.

Mike:               Adam was just speaking in terms of exercise, but going back to a practical life type of thing. Like what David was talking about moving rocks and talking about the lever that Adam’s talking about. I guarantee you, I wasn’t there but I guarantee David didn’t have his arms extended or far away from his body, carrying those. He brought it close to the body because that technique…

Adam:             Because now you’re not multiplying that boulder by the distance of your arm all away from your body.

Mike:               Exactly, so the distance of his arm was shorter because he held it closer and therefore he could actually carry it. If he did it the other way, he would have made life much harder for himself and would likely hurt himself no matter how strong he is from this workout.

Adam:             Exactly. When you see a lot of these movements in boot camps and CrossFits and you have medicine balls without stretched arms, twisting to the side, I mean you’re working your obliques minimally but you’re straining your lower back maximally. It’s not even accomplishing and working the muscle that you’re intending and people don’t realize that. And there are these trainers that most likely unintentionally are not even understanding of the forces that are involved in something like that and that’s the real danger of this functional training movement when you don’t understand that there are going to be excessive forces on a muscle at the wrong time. So I have a little mantra for when I’m trying to explain to clients as we go through a workout. I always say, the right resistance at the right time. That’s important and I point that out to them. Sometimes I’ll even demonstrate doing a lateral raise in a standing position and then do the lateral raise in the side position and you can feel the difference. You can feel how it’s straining your shoulder, you can feel how all of a sudden, you do it the right way and you can just feel it in the deltoid and not feel like your shoulder blade or your collarbone is about to pop out of its socket.

Mike:               The problem with–not with what Adam’s talking about but once again, the understanding of a lot of people when they exercise is that they associate being really, really sore with a great workout and that’s why sometimes, doing extreme range of motion or incongruent exercise makes people really sore and they’re like, wow, that was a great workout. They go back to it of course. That’s the thing that we just want people to be very, very aware of. If they’re not doing what we’re doing or if they’re doing something similar to what we’re doing, you have to be very aware of these types of things no matter what type of program you’re involved with. That’s something we take very, very seriously and we’re very vigilant about.

Sheila:             Right, and I think one of the classic things that people do in that same line of speaking is they reach too far forward to pick something up, you know what I mean? They’re reaching over and then they pick it up, and oh god, it’s too heavy and your lower back is strained. They’re not centered in that. Just being aware, your whole body is the lever there. Like, your arms outstretched and you’re stretching over to pick something up. Like, don’t do it.

Mike:               It comes back to the workout again and it comes full circle to what Dave said in the beginning, was that his awareness for what he was doing when it was outside of muscle and joint function was much more conservative. He actually did much more safely in that world because of the awareness that he developed from this workout and we do see that and this is living proof of it right here.

David:             Yeah, and one of the great things about this place I’ve got to say is that it’s always been about safety. So I feel like here, you get taken care of. You can go any other place and people just lay on that line of advertising that you’ve heard a million times before, all over the place, that I’ve never really seen any results from, but here it’s always safe and they always take care of you. And that starts getting pumped into you. You take care of yourself. You come here to take care of yourself and you take that out with you.

Adam:             I’m going to be producing some videos on this stuff and showing biomechanically correct exercises so stay tuned for that, but in the meantime, until we start producing our interviews, I totally recommend–we interviewed Bill de Simone at one point and he has a whole host of videos and he has a book called Congruent Exercise. He has several publications now on this subject so if you want to get really specific and do exercises…

Mike:               Or reference our podcast too. I remember that we had a good interview with him.

Adam:             We had an interview with him, but I also recommend you going to Bill de Simone and looking up his videos. You can see all types of exercises done properly and his explanations on why you’re doing it this way. He start engaging in some very effective but safe ways to work his muscle groups and stay away from the idea of trying to mimic everyday activities, including sports activities, in the gym. With weights and long levers, now that you know what a lever does, and do it safe. Like we talked about with David, he kind of intuitively understand that you’ve got to keep that weight close to your body and like, Sheila was just referencing. Reaching out with outstretched arms and heavy weights. Sometimes you just have to do that. It reminds me of myself when you have to reach and you have kids in the backseat and you’re reaching behind you to grab something. That’s not good for your shoulder, to reach all the way behind you with an outstretched arm and pick up this heavy backpack filled with who knows what. I wouldn’t recommend that people do that for exercise, except you have to do it in real life, and because I strengthen my shoulders and my neck and my arms in a safe way, that every once in a while when I have to reach back in the back seat of the car and grab something heavy out of it, I can handle it. I don’t want to do that on a regular basis but I didn’t get hurt doing that. And I could still get hurt doing that, depending on how heavy the thing is, but that’s how you prepare for everyday life. Just making sure that your shoulders are really strong so that when you do have to reach behind in the backseat and grab something heavy that you can handle it.

David:             I have one more story I just want to share with you.

Adam:             We’ll end with that because I don’t want to beat a dead horse but I think the point has been made, right?

David:             This thing happened and I never shared this with anybody but about a month ago, I was stepping up on the curb coming home from the supermarket and I had two bags with me. I stepped on the curb and I hit the curb incorrectly and I remember my feet just kind of flipped out. I did this weird twist, you know when you fall you just see it happening in slow motion. The weirdest thing was, I’m on the cement, I tripped, I came down onto the pavement and my arms flipped out in front of me and I put myself into this plank position. It was the weirdest thing, it was like a cat. I hit it, and in that moment I thought to myself, oh my god, I’m glad in shape because if I weren’t in shape, I would have planted my face right on the cement probably. My arms would have never supported me. In fact, this woman saw me down the street. She came running and she goes, are you okay? I was like, yeah. I mean I couldn’t even believe it.

Sheila:             Yeah, I just decided to do a plank right now.

David:             It’s like I just fell into it, it was the weirdest thing.

Adam:             Spontaneous planking with groceries.

David:             I think this is one of those miracle moments that you get. That you’re not aware of that you get when you do this. I think that’s what I wanted to end on.

Sheila:             Right, that’s awesome, I love it.

Adam:             Well, let’s leave it there then.

David:             It was a great miracle moment. I’d say come, have your own miracle moment.

Mike:               I’ve had several miracle moments. The biggest one is that I got hit by a car on my bike, I’m not kidding. I just think being in shape–like I literally flipped over the car. My hip smashed the window, I rolled over the car and I landed on my feet on the other side of the car. I had a huge abrasion on my hip but to be honest with you, I was actually truly and totally 100% totally fine.

Adam:             Mike, I think if you were in better shape, you wouldn’t have gotten that abrasion on your hip though.

David:             It’s like the Spiderman moment. Like oh my god, I have Spiderman powers.

Mike:               Right, but there are a lot of moments like that and people who are in shape, maybe they’re not that aware of it, but when you just trip and catch yourself. Maybe you’re not falling into a plank but you just step to the side. Just having that ability to make that agile movement is often times a result of just having adequate strength.

Sheila:             We’re creating miracles every day.

Tim:                 And we invite you to start making miracles inside your own body. Making that change with a slow motion, high intensity strength training workout at InForm Fitness. Many thanks to InForm Nation member and longtime InForm Fitness client, David Carlson for joining us here on the podcast. Adam mentioned at the top of the show that he and David are currently working on filming a series of trainer certification videos. Now, in the past, David has also produced several amazing videos for InForm Fitness, and we’ll have links to David’s InForm Fitness productions in the shownotes. Adam also mentioned earlier that our old friend from episode 19, Bill de Simone has a great series of videos regarding congruent exercise. Those too will appear in the shownotes for this episode. And while you’re tooling around the shownotes, don’t forget to check out the link to Amazon to pick up Adam’s book, The Power of Ten: The Once a Week, Slow Motion, Fitness Revolution. Or how about stopping by an InForm Fitness location nearest you? They have the books there as well as some really cool InForm Fitness apparel and of course your opportunity to try this workout for yourself. To find an InForm Fitness location nearest you, just visit informfitness.com. Next week, we’ll be joined by InForm Fitness client and New York City theatre lighting designer, Ann Ridesin. Looking forward to talking to Ann next week. Until then, for Adam, Mike, and Sheila of InForm Fitness, I’m Tim Edwards with the InBound Podcasting Network.